25 MARCH – 22 APRIL 2022

KÖNIG GALERIE presents FROM STUDIES TO PAINTINGS, an exhibition of works by Belgian artist Evelyne Axell.

Over the course of her all-too-brief career, Evelyne Axell (1935–1972) took inspiration from the more radical currents flowing through the culture of the 1960s. Responding to a political climate that came to a head in 1968, Axell realized a quiet revolution of her own, focused on feminine identity and the institution of a female gaze. Working across paintings, drawings, happenings, and film, the diversity of Axell’s output found its locus in Pop Art. Today, her oeuvre stands out not only as an encomium to radical feminism, but as a key for deciphering the revolutionary significance of Pop Art.

Without eschewing Pop Art’s fixation on celebrity and mediated life in all its forms (television, films, editorial photos), Axell’s work openly displays feminine sexuality in a way that puts her at odds with more mainstream (and male) Pop artists of the time. Often troubling the boundary between eroticism and pornography, Axell’s grasp of the lexicon of Pop Art insisted on a specifically feminine gaze—a way of seeing that subverted the male-dominated voyeurism which translated women’s bodies to the status of a consumer good. Even in her unfinished studies, Axell’s work presents a cross-section of psychedelic fantasy and erotic self-possession. She playfully disfigures the social forces that reduce women to objects, creating a context where the personalities of the women she admires can become foregrounded.

A Happening she organized in 1969 at Foncke Gallery in Ghent, Belgium, for instance, inserted a young woman wearing nothing but an astronaut helmet into a crowd of shocked onlookers. Axell then performed a “reverse striptease” with the woman, seductively dressing her in a way which tantalized the audience. Axell later drew on the photo documentation of the performance for motifs in her paintings.

In a similar vein, Axell's sketch titled BLACK IS BEAUTIFUL, while being a preparatory drawing for a painting that was never realized, preserves the personality of her subject as much as her appearance. While the woman Axell sketched never sat for her portrait, this mediated recreation of her face, modeled on a picture featured in a French magazine, already brings out the woman’s eyes, the shapeliness of her face.

Another sketch from this period, CAMPUS 1 (1972), openly showcases Axell's working methods. Here, the facial features of a student witnessing the Kent State shootings become less a spectacle adorning the cover of Time Magazine (from where the image was originally sourced), and more a symbol of a collectively shared horror. The colors added to the original black and white image have a psychedelic feel, tacitly recreating the singular vividness of police and military violence.



Evelyne Axell (b. 1935 in Namur, Belgium) began her career as a TV presenter, becoming a charismatic and acclaimed theatre and film actress in Paris and Brussels, as well as a scriptwriter. In 1964, due to the misogyny inherent within the film industry, she decided to quit her promising acting career to pursue painting. It was during the filming of one of her husband’s documentaries, “Dieu est-il Pop?”, that she met in London with Allen Jones, Peter Phillips, Pauline Boty, Peter Blake, Patrick Caulfield, and Joe Tilson. She then decided to embrace Pop Art. 

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